New Salem, PA Profile: Facts, Map & Data

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New Salem, Pennsylvania - Basic Facts

The New Salem Census Designated Place is a community or populated place (Class Code U5) located in Fayette County at latitude 39.9301 and longitude -79.8259. Fayette County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 1,043 feet.

The formal official name is the New Salem Census Designated Place, but most people and references simply refer to it as New Salem, Pennsylvania.

The U5 Census Class Code for New Salem indicates a populated place that is also a census designated place with the same name. The Census Designated Place has a Functional Status Code "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

The formal boundaries for the New Salem Census Designated Place (see map below) encompass a land area of 1.16 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles.

New Salem Census Designated Place, PA Boundary Map

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New Salem, PA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 587
Population in Households 584
Population in Familes 471
Population in Group Qrtrs 3
Population Density1 506
Diversity Index2 18


Total Households 245
Average Household Size 2.38
Family Households 164
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 280 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 150 (53.6%)
Renter Occupied HU 96 (34.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 35 (12.5%)
Median Home Value $72,945
Average Home Value $86,242


Median Household Income $31,637
Average Household Income $41,351
Per Capita Income $17,441
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 0.32% -0.03%
Households 0.59% 0.16%
Families -0.28% 0.0%
Median Household Income   3.51%
Per Capita Income   4.4%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

New Salem, PA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares New Salem to the other 1,764 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Pennsylvania by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1240 30th
Population Density1 # 1400 21st
Diversity Index2 # 574 67th
Median Household Income # 1660 6th
Per Capita Income # 1652 6th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Pennsylvania Census Data Comparison Tool.