Lancaster, PA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Lancaster, Pennsylvania - Basic Facts

The City of Lancaster is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Lancaster County at latitude 40.0421 and longitude -76.301. Lancaster County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 361 feet.

The formal official name is the City of Lancaster, but most people and references simply refer to it as Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

The P1 Census Class Code for Lancaster indicates a populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. The Incorporated Place has a Functional Status Code "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The formal boundaries for the City of Lancaster (see map below) encompass a land area of 7.22 sq. miles and a water area of 0.13 sq. miles.

City of Lancaster, PA Boundary Map


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Lancaster, PA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 60,492
Population in Households 57,161
Population in Familes 41,913
Population in Group Qrtrs 3,331
Population Density1 8,372
Diversity Index2 84


Total Households 22,252
Average Household Size 2.57
Family Households 12,755
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 24,028 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 9,350 (38.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 12,902 (53.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,776 ( 7.4%)
Median Home Value $108,197
Average Home Value $125,321


Median Household Income $31,976
Average Household Income $42,004
Per Capita Income $15,769
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 0.46% 0.49%
Households 0.49% 0.51%
Families 0.36% 0.37%
Median Household Income   2.37%
Per Capita Income   2.56%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.


Lancaster, PA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Lancaster to the other 1,764 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Pennsylvania by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 8 100th
Population Density1 # 24 99th
Diversity Index2 # 2 100th
Median Household Income # 1654 6th
Per Capita Income # 1718 3rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Pennsylvania Census Data Comparison Tool.