There are 67 counties in Pennsylvania. Philadelphia County and Philadelphia city are governmentally consolidated and function as a municipal government. All other counties are each governed by a board of county commissioners.
Pennsylvania has 2,575 county subdivisions known as minor civil divisions (MCDs). There are 1,546 townships with active functioning governments and 1 township, Cold Spring township in Lebanon County, which is an inactive entity. Each township is governed by an elected board of commissioners or a board of supervisors. The 1,015 incorporated places are independent of MCDs and serve as 1,027 county subdivisions. In addition, there is one undefined MCD that consists entirely of water area.