Columbia, PA Profile: Facts & Data


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Columbia, Pennsylvania - Basic Facts

The Borough of Columbia had a population of 10,685 as of July 1, 2018. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Pennsylvania. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 40.0349 and longitude -76.4959 in Lancaster County. The formal boundaries for the Borough of Columbia (see map below) encompass a land area of 2.41 sq. miles and a water area of 0.01 sq. miles. Lancaster County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 302 feet.

The Borough of Columbia (GNIS ID: 1215334) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Columbia: Wrights Ferry.

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  1. Columbia 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Columbia (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Pennsylvania Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Pennsylvania Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Columbia, PA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 10,685
Population in Households 10,474
Population in Familes 7,772
Population in Group Qrtrs 211
Population Density2 4,426
Diversity Index3 46


Median Household Income $42,511
Average Household Income $54,341
Per Capita Income $22,755


Total Housing Units 4,798 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 2,370 (49.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 2,019 (42.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 409 ( 8.5%)
Median Home Value $116,192
Average Home Value $131,825


Total Households 4,389
Average Household Size 2.39
Family Households 2,552
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 0.33% 0.37%
Households 0.25% 0.34%
Families 0.05% 0.23%
Median Household Income   2.55%
Per Capita Income   2.64%

Columbia, PA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 1,762 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Pennsylvania by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 81 95th
Population Density # 193 89th
Diversity Index # 149 92nd
Median Household Income # 1371 22nd
Per Capita Income # 1408 20th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Pennsylvania Census Data Comparison Tool.

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