Columbia, PA Profile: Facts & Data

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Columbia, Pennsylvania - Basic Facts

The Borough of Columbia had a population of 10,674 as of July 1, 2019. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Pennsylvania. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 40.0337 and longitude -76.5044 in Lancaster County. The formal boundaries for the Borough of Columbia encompass a land area of 2.41 sq. miles and a water area of 0.01 sq. miles. Lancaster County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 302 feet.

The Borough of Columbia (GNIS ID: 1215334) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Columbia: Wrights Ferry.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Columbia 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Columbia (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Pennsylvania Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Pennsylvania Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


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Columbia, PA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Columbia, PA Housing Affordability Index is 136
State of Pennsylvania Housing Affordability Index is 131
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Columbia, PA Wealth Index is 49
State of Pennsylvania Wealth Index is 99
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for Neighborhoods, Cities, Counties, and ZIP Codes.

More Tools and Resources:

  1. For information about schools and school attendance zones, use the HTL Address Tool
  2. Our new HTL Neighborhood Explorer provides lots of detail about any neighborhood.
  3. The new 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  4. See the References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.
  5. See the Pennsylvania COVID-19 Data and US COVID-19 Data for more information on the spread of the novel coronavirus.

POPULATION

Total Population 10,674 (100%)
Population in Households 10,464 (98.0%)
Population in Families 7,786 (72.9%)
Population in Group Quarters1 210 ( 2.0%)
Population Density 4,422
Diversity Index2 47
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $46,125
Average Household Income $58,496
Per Capita Income $24,121
Wealth Index4 49

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 4,799 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 2,301 (47.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 2,095 (43.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 403 ( 8.4%)
Median Home Value $118,333
Housing Affordability Index3 136
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 4,396
Average Household Size 2.38
Family Households 2,547
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population 0.28% 0.31%
Households 0.24% 0.29%
Families 0.02% 0.16%
Median Household Income   2.96%
Per Capita Income   3.17%

Columbia, PA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 1,761 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Pennsylvania by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 81 95th
Population Density # 195 89th
Diversity Index # 154 91st
Median Household Income # 1332 24th
Per Capita Income # 1344 24th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Pennsylvania Census Data Comparison Tool.

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