Columbia, PA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Columbia, Pennsylvania - Basic Facts

The Borough of Columbia had a population of 10,590 as of July 1, 2017. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Pennsylvania. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 40.0349 and longitude -76.4959 in Lancaster County. The formal boundaries for the Borough of Columbia (see map below) encompass a land area of 2.41 sq. miles and a water area of 0.01 sq. miles. Lancaster County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 302 feet.

The Borough of Columbia (GNIS ID: 1215334) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Columbia population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Columbia: Wrights Ferry.

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Borough of Columbia, PA Boundary Map

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Columbia, PA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 10,590
Daytime Population: Workers 3,806
Daytime Population: Residents 5,611
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 9,417
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 0.89
Population in Households 10,379
Population in Familes 7,763
Population in Group Qrtrs 211
Population Density2 4,387
Diversity Index3 46


Median Household Income $41,456
Average Household Income $52,355
Per Capita Income $21,977


Total Housing Units 4,773 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 2,380 (49.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,977 (41.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 416 ( 8.7%)
Median Home Value $115,324
Average Home Value $131,313


Total Households 4,357
Average Household Size 2.38
Family Households 2,550
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.25% 0.36%
Households 0.19% 0.33%
Families 0.04% 0.23%
Median Household Income   1.55%
Per Capita Income   2.38%

Columbia, PA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 1,762 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Pennsylvania by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 82 95th
Population Density # 199 89th
Diversity Index # 146 92nd
Median Household Income # 1372 22nd
Per Capita Income # 1447 18th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Pennsylvania Census Data Comparison Tool.

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