Lancaster, PA Profile: Facts & Data


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Lancaster, Pennsylvania - Basic Facts

The City of Lancaster is the 8th largest city in Pennsylvania with a population of 61,564 as of July 1, 2018. Lancaster ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Pennsylvania. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Lancaster is located at latitude 40.0421 and longitude -76.301 in Lancaster County. The formal boundaries for the City of Lancaster (see map below) encompass a land area of 7.22 sq. miles and a water area of 0.13 sq. miles. Lancaster County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 361 feet.

The City of Lancaster (GNIS ID: 1215339) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

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  1. Lancaster 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Lancaster (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Pennsylvania Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Pennsylvania Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Lancaster, PA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 61,564
Population in Households 58,228
Population in Familes 42,135
Population in Group Qrtrs 3,336
Population Density2 8,521
Diversity Index3 86


Median Household Income $37,484
Average Household Income $50,578
Per Capita Income $19,233


Total Housing Units 24,267 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 9,276 (38.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 13,144 (54.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,847 ( 7.6%)
Median Home Value $113,254
Average Home Value $141,585


Total Households 22,420
Average Household Size 2.6
Family Households 12,741
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 0.45% 0.45%
Households 0.34% 0.41%
Families 0.17% 0.29%
Median Household Income   1.77%
Per Capita Income   2.07%

Lancaster, PA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Lancaster to the other 1,762 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Pennsylvania by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 8 100th
Population Density # 25 99th
Diversity Index # 3 100th
Median Household Income # 1582 10th
Per Capita Income # 1688 4th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Pennsylvania Census Data Comparison Tool.

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